EWP Operator | Licence Yellow Card

Example EWP Yellow Card

Yellow Cards serve as an essential tool within Australia’s construction industry, as proof of training for individuals operating specific equipment or machinery. Introduced to ensure safety and competence in the workplace, Yellow Cards are issued by accredited training organisations once an individual has successfully completed a course that demonstrates their ability to safely operate equipment such as scissor lifts, boom lifts, vertical lifts, and trailer-mounted lifts.

The Elevating Work Platform Association of Australia (EWPA) initiated the Yellow Card program to confirm that the cardholder has been trained in the safe use of certain types of elevating work platforms. The card provides evidence of the holder’s completion of training per the EWPA’s guidelines, making it a crucial element in the construction sector.

As part of the broader High-Risk Work system, the Yellow Card contributes to creating a safer and more supportive environment for all personnel involved in construction. It complements certifications such as the Blue Card (for traffic control) and White Card (mandatory for all construction site workers), ensuring a comprehensive approach to safety and risk management in the industry.

What is a Yellow Card?

A Yellow Card is a certification issued in Australia’s construction industry, signifying that the holder has received specific training to operate certain types of Mobile Elevating Work Platforms (MEWPs) safely and efficiently. Introduced by the Elevating Work Platform Association of Australia (EWPA), the Yellow Card is a commitment to maintaining safety standards within the construction sector.

This certification is mandatory for those operating equipment such as scissor lifts, vertical lifts, boom lifts, trailer-mounted lifts, and other similar machinery that don’t require a high-risk license. The Yellow Card serves as evidence that the holder has been trained to operate these machines safely, minimising the risk of accidents and injuries on the construction site.

The training covers various aspects, including pre-operational checks and maintenance, correct operational procedures, hazard management, emergency procedures, and regulatory requirements. Upon the successful completion of the training, which includes both theoretical learning and practical assessment, the Yellow Card is issued.

It’s crucial to note that a Yellow Card is not a license but a confirmation of training. Each Yellow Card carries the holder’s photo, signature, and details of the training they have completed. The card is valid for five years, after which the holder needs to undergo a refresher course to renew it.

Different types of Yellow Cards issued in the construction industry

In the construction industry, specifically within the context of Australia’s Elevating Work Platform Association (EWPA), there are several types of Yellow Cards issued based on the type of machinery or equipment an individual is trained to operate. Here are the different types:

  1. Vertical Lift Yellow Card (VL): This card certifies that the holder has been trained to operate vertical lifts, which are typically used for tasks such as electrical fitting and painting in elevated areas.
  2. Scissor Lift Yellow Card (SL): Issued to individuals who have undergone training to operate scissor lifts, this card signifies that the holder can safely use these platforms that often assist in reaching high areas indoors and outdoors.
  3. Self-propelled Boom Lift Yellow Card (BL): This card is issued to individuals trained to operate self-propelled boom lifts, which are often used for tasks requiring high reach in areas that aren’t easily accessible.
  4. Trailer Lift Yellow Card (TL): This card certifies that the holder can safely operate trailer lifts, which are commonly used for tasks like tree trimming or exterior building maintenance.
  5. Truck-mounted Boom Lift Yellow Card (TM): This card is for individuals trained to operate truck-mounted boom lifts, often used in jobs that require high reach and mobility.
  6. Advanced Boom Yellow Card (AB): This card is for individuals trained in safely operating advanced boom-type elevating work platforms (EWPs). It covers the operation of boom-type EWPs where the boom length is 11 meters or more

Each Yellow Card signifies that the holder has been trained according to the EWPA’s guidelines, ensuring they can operate the specific type of machinery safely and effectively. The training includes both theoretical instruction and practical assessment, contributing to safer workplaces in the construction industry.

Eligibility for obtaining a Yellow Card

Obtaining a Yellow Card is a process that requires completion of specific training. The eligibility criteria for this certification are fairly straightforward, with the intention of ensuring safety and efficiency in operating Mobile Elevating Work Platforms (MEWPs).

  1. Age Requirement: The applicant must be at least 18 years old, which is the legal working age in Australia. Some training providers may allow individuals who are 16 or 17 to undergo training if they are enrolled as an apprentices or trainees.
  2. Physical Fitness: Given the nature of the work involved, applicants should be physically fit and able to operate machinery. This includes being able to climb onto the equipment and handle controls without difficulty.
  3. Language, Literacy and Numeracy Skills: As the training involves both theoretical learning and practical assessment, applicants should have sufficient English language, literacy, and numeracy skills to understand the training material and safety instructions, and to complete the assessment.
  4. Understanding of Safety Requirements: Applicants should demonstrate an understanding of general safety requirements in the construction industry. This can be evidenced by holding a White Card, which is mandatory for all workers on Australian construction sites.
  5. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): During the training, applicants will need to wear appropriate PPE, including safety footwear, hard hats, and high-visibility clothing.

It’s important to note that while these are general eligibility requirements, specific requirements may vary slightly depending on the training provider or the type of MEWP the applicant will be operating. Therefore, it’s always a good idea for potential applicants to check with their chosen training provider for any specific prerequisites.

The Necessity of a Yellow Card in Construction

Yellow Cards play a crucial role in the construction industry, particularly in maintaining and promoting safety standards. Here are several reasons why they are essential:

  1. Promotion of Safe Work Practices: Yellow Cards certify that the holder has received specific training to operate certain types of Mobile Elevating Work Platforms (MEWPs) safely. This ensures that workers are properly educated about the potential risks and hazards associated with operating these machines and are equipped with the knowledge and skills to mitigate these risks.
  2. Verification of Training: Yellow Cards serve as physical proof that the holder has undergone the necessary training and successfully passed both theoretical and practical assessments. This assures employers that their employees are competent in operating the machinery, which is critical for maintaining workplace safety.
  3. Compliance with Regulations: In many regions, including Australia, it’s mandatory for workers who operate certain types of MEWPs to hold a valid Yellow Card. Having this card ensures that workers and their employers comply with local health and safety regulations, avoiding potential legal issues.
  4. Reduction of Workplace Accidents: Yellow Cards significantly reduce workplace accident risk by ensuring that only trained individuals operate MEWPs. This protects workers and minimises downtime and associated costs resulting from accidents.
  5. Enhancement of Productivity: Workers trained to operate machinery efficiently can perform tasks more quickly and effectively, contributing to increased productivity on construction sites.

Yellow Cards are essential in the construction industry as they promote safe work practices, verify training, ensure compliance with regulations, reduce workplace accidents, and enhance productivity.

The safety risks and hazards that Yellow Cards help mitigate

The Yellow Card training program helps mitigate various safety risks and hazards associated with operating Mobile Elevating Work Platforms (MEWPs) in the construction industry. Here’s a closer look at some of these hazards and how the Yellow Card program helps to reduce them:

  1. Falls from Height: One of the most common risks when operating MEWPs is the potential for falls from height, which can lead to serious injuries or even fatalities. Yellow Card training educates operators on proper harness usage, securing the work platform, and maintaining a safe distance from edges to mitigate this risk.
  2. Tip-Overs: MEWPs can tip over if they are used on unstable ground or if they are overloaded. The Yellow Card training provides guidance on assessing ground conditions, understanding the machine’s load capacity, and safely positioning the MEWP to prevent tip-overs.
  3. Electrocution: Working near power lines or other sources of electricity poses a risk of electrocution. Through Yellow Card training, operators learn to maintain a safe clearance distance from power lines and to use insulating materials when necessary.
  4. Entanglement or Crushing: Operators can get entangled or crushed by machinery parts or between the MEWP and nearby objects. The Yellow Card program teaches operators to maintain a safe distance from other objects and be aware of their surroundings at all times.
  5. Equipment Malfunction: Improper maintenance or usage of MEWPs can lead to equipment malfunction, which can cause accidents. Yellow Card training includes instructions on regular equipment inspection, proper operation techniques, and what to do in case of a malfunction.
  6. Poor Visibility: Operating MEWPs in poor visibility conditions can lead to accidents. Yellow Card training emphasises the importance of good lighting and clear visibility, and provides strategies for dealing with low-light situations.

By providing comprehensive training on these and other potential hazards, the Yellow Card program plays a crucial role in promoting safety and reducing accidents in the construction industry.

How to Obtain a Yellow Card in Australia

Obtaining a Yellow Card involves several steps, which verify that the holder is trained to operate certain types of Mobile Elevating Work Platforms (MEWPs). Here’s the general process:

  1. Research Training Providers: Start by researching approved training providers in your area. The Elevating Work Platform Association of Australia (EWPA) has a list of accredited training providers.
  2. Check Eligibility: Ensure you meet the eligibility criteria for obtaining a Yellow Card. This typically includes being at least 18 years old, physically fit, having sufficient English language, literacy, and numeracy skills, understanding of safety requirements, and having appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).
  3. Enrol in the Training Course: Once you’ve selected a training provider, enrol in the Yellow Card training course. The course usually covers theoretical knowledge and practical skills needed to operate MEWPs safely.
  4. Attend the Training Course: Attend the training course on the scheduled date. This will typically include both classroom-based learning and practical training sessions. You’ll learn about different types of MEWPs, their operation, and safety procedures.
  5. Complete the Assessment: You’ll need to pass an assessment at the end of the training course. This usually involves a written test, to assess your understanding of the theory, and a practical test, to assess your ability to safely operate the MEWP.
  6. Receive Your Yellow Card: Once you successfully complete the assessment, you’ll receive your Yellow Card. This card serves as proof that you’ve been trained to operate MEWPs safely and effectively.
  7. Maintain Your Certification: Remember, your Yellow Card is valid for five years from the date of issue. After this period, you’ll need to renew your certification by undertaking refresher training and passing an assessment.

Please note that the exact process may vary slightly depending on the specific requirements of your chosen training provider and the type of MEWP you will be operating. It’s always a good idea to check with your training provider for any specific prerequisites or steps involved in their course.

Yellow Card Training

The process of obtaining a Yellow Card involves both theoretical training and practical assessments. Here’s a detailed look at what the training process usually entails:

Training Process

  1. Theoretical Training: The first part usually takes place in a classroom setting. Here, you’ll learn about the different types of Mobile Elevating Work Platforms (MEWPs), their components, and how they operate. You’ll also cover essential safety information, such as risk assessments, emergency procedures, and the importance of pre-operational checks.
  2. Practical Training: After the theoretical training, you’ll move on to the practical part of the course. This involves actually operating MEWPs under the supervision of a qualified instructor. You’ll learn to perform pre-operational checks, safely maneuver the equipment, and respond to emergencies.

Topics Covered in the Training

The training covers a wide range of topics, including:

  • Types and features of MEWPs
  • Pre-operational checks and routine maintenance
  • Risk assessment and hazard management
  • Safe operation of MEWPs, including positioning, stabilising, and maneuvering
  • Emergency procedures, including how to respond to machine malfunction or instability
  • Responsibilities and rights of an operator under health and safety laws

Practical Assessments

At the end of the training, you’ll be assessed on both your theoretical knowledge and practical skills. The written test usually involves multiple-choice questions based on the topics covered in the theoretical training. The practical assessment involves demonstrating your ability to safely operate a MEWP. You’ll need to complete pre-operational checks, safely maneuver the machine, and demonstrate appropriate responses to simulated emergency situations.

Renewal and Validity Period of a Yellow Card

A Yellow Card is typically valid for five years from the date of issue. To renew your card, you’ll need to undertake refresher training and pass an assessment. This ensures that you stay up-to-date with any changes in safety procedures or equipment operation.

Remember, the exact process and topics covered may vary slightly depending on your chosen training provider and the type of MEWP you will be operating. Always check with your training provider for specific details about their course.

Legal Implications and Regulations

A Yellow Card is crucial when working on a construction site, especially when operating Mobile Elevating Work Platforms (MEWPs). Not having a Yellow Card could have legal implications, including penalties and potential job loss.

Legal Implications

  1. Workplace Safety Violations: Under Australian law, all employers are required to ensure their employees are adequately trained to safely perform their tasks. If an employee operates MEWPs without a Yellow Card, it could be seen as a violation of these safety requirements.
  2. Potential Liability: If a worker without a Yellow Card causes an accident while operating a MEWP, they and their employer could be liable for damages. This could lead to legal action and potentially significant financial penalties.
  3. Non-Compliance with Insurance Policies: Many insurance policies require compliance with all relevant safety regulations and standards, including appropriate training for workers. Operating an MEWP without a Yellow Card could be seen as non-compliance, potentially voiding the insurance coverage.

Penalties for Non-Compliance

The penalties for non-compliance can vary depending on the jurisdiction and the severity of the offence. They can include:

  1. Fines: The worker and their employer could face fines if found to be in breach of workplace health and safety laws.
  2. Suspension or Cancellation of Licences: In serious cases, a worker’s high-risk work or an employer’s business licence could be suspended or cancelled.
  3. Prosecution: Criminal prosecution could occur in the most serious cases, such as when non-compliance leads to a serious injury or death.

It’s important to note that while having a Yellow Card is not a legal requirement, it’s considered best practice in the industry and can help workers and their employers comply with their obligations under workplace health and safety laws.


The Yellow Card system plays a crucial role in the construction industry, ensuring safety and competency when operating Mobile Elevating Work Platforms (MEWPs). The Yellow Card serves as evidence that an operator has undergone appropriate training for safe use of the platform.

If you would like to speak with one of our expert team members, they are looking forward to chatting with you!

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